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foxsborisnaumo   , 25

from New York


Poetry and Time Essay

Poetry is a genre of literature in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm and it's a common topic for essay writing assistance in usa. It was a common feature in all ancient societies, albeit its expression was by oral means. Its usage, amongst other reasons, was to pass down information to subsequent generations, for example, history and culture. In ancient times, poems were also used for praise, especially to the leaders of the society and to entertain them. This research paper is to explore the impact of the social and historical climate in different periods in history on the change in the Theme of Time in the Poetry, its styles and form.

The earliest poetry expressed in written form was in ancient Greek poetry between the 7th to the 4th centuries BC. The poets of this era were mostly dramatists and they wrote for choirs and to entertain kings. Their dramas were laced with lyric poetry and epic poetry.  The great poets among the Greeks were Homer, Hesiod Euripides amongst others.  Epic poetry by Homer was characterized with a mixture of comedy and tragedy. Lyric poetry, when used in plays involved mystic in nuances from Greek mythology, for example in Helen of Troy.

During 11th to 13th centuries, which were the period of Provencal literature, the popes of the Holy Roman Empire curbed artistic expression. However, during mid 11th century, some musicians in France began to write exceptional lyrics. They were influenced by Arabic civilization and were also guided by Christian doctrine. In this era, concepts such as spiritualization of passion, imagery, and secret love were born. This was because of the historical occurrences of that time in which people were deeply spiritual and the pope was revered. The musicians and poets of this era were skilled in rhythm, meter and form thus they impacted greatly on the development of poetry.

The Sicilian school arose through inspiration from the Provencal poets. Frederick II, who was the ruler at that time, required poets to write only about courtly love. They therefore inspired the Elizabethan and Shakespearean poets by their verses on heartfelt love. The Sicilian poets wrote their verses through lyric poetry. Poets such as Cielo of Alcamo developed lyrical styles. The lyrical styles used were the canso, canzone and later, Giacomo de Lentini developed the sonnet. The poems written could be solely read as compared to previous times when poems had to be accompanied by music. The sonnet structure which could be broken into an octet and sestet was also borne of these times.

The Elizabethan and Shakespearean eras expounded on the use of sonnets through works of poets like Wyatt. Shakespeare, the most famous poet of his time added a personal touch to the Petrarchan form, existing then. Shakespeare's sonnets were written in iambic pentameter, with the exception of Sonnet 145, which was written in iambic tetrameter. Gerber expounds on the realism of Shakespeare in his sonnet and ovidian poems of Shakespeare. She also writes on the prevalence of themes of love, death, time and mutability during the Elizabethan era. These humanistic and religious subjects were due to the political and religious climate of the time which left the country divided.

Metaphysical poets crept in after the Elizabethan era. These poets wrote on metaphysical aspects of life such as philosophy, nature and love. They were the architects of the romantic period, which was the greatest movement in literary history; and which was characterized by a freer personal expression. The poets of this time also wrote about nature. Their movement would later develop into free verse and transcendentalism. They must have been influenced by ancient

Greek Philosophy and Poetry

 American transcendentalists were inspired by religion and Immanuel Kant’s philosophy. They were advocates of a utopian society. They were like the romantic poets as they centered on heartfelt feelings and they carried on, the personalized style of writing poems.

The beat movement was next and was characterized by free expression, jazz and free verse poetry. The poets of this era included Gary Snyder and Philip LaMantia. These beat poets influenced the music of that time and musicians such as Ed Sanders. They also introduced psychedelic rock and the cultural revolution of 1960s. The beat movement is characteristic of freedom in the society, and according to history, this particular time was when talk of freedoms and liberties in societies were prevalent and many countries around the world were clamoring for independence if they were not yet independent.

In conclusion, poetry can be seen to have been an outlet for expressing attitudes towards the social and cultural climates of particular societies within time. From the ancient Greek poems that were characterized by fantasy and peaceful expression, to the Shakespearean poems that were questioning the metaphysical and the state of society and finally to the free beat movement that show a peaceful society that is more relaxed, it can be noted that even literary styles became more relaxed with time.