1. Welcome to kiwibox

    We're happy that you are part of our community. Please take a few minutes discover how kiwibox works.

    You want to explore kiwibox on your own? No problem. You can easily restart the tour at any time by using the sidebar if you change your mind.

  2. Logo

    A click on the kiwibox Logo brings you back to the startpage. Besides a menue with a lot of useful links opens if you mouse over.

  3. Notifications

    You may find all of your news, friendship requests and messages up right in the navigation bar.

  4. Settings

    Just mouse over a post and the gearwheel will appear. Here you'll find all the settings for your news.

  5. Supermodul

    The supermodul summarizes various contents. Enjoy exploring!


jenkinsvrhm   , 69

from West New York

'fdr And The Jews'

'FDR and the Jews' Posted: 12/12/2013 10:43 am Read more Subscribe FDR and the Jews by Richard Breitman and Allan J. Lichtman, Belknap Press, 2013, ISBN 13: 978-0674050266, 464 pp. $9.88 (Kindle), $15.96 (Amazon hardcover). "Fluctuations of historic judgment are the lot of great men, and Roosevelt will not escape it... But if history has its claim, so has the present. For it has been wisely said that if the judgment of the time must be corrected by that of posterity, it is no less true that the judgment of posterity must be corrected by that of the time." -Felix Frankfurter Franklin Delano Roosevelt's actions during World War II towards the slaughter of the Jews of Europe always posed an enigma. I speak as a lifelong Democrat and an American Jew -- my family's centenary in America was marked two years ago. I can still hear my grandmother speak so fondly of Roosevelt and how much they loved him, and yet so sadly at how he betrayed the Jewish people by not doing more to stop the Holocaust; I think such critiques are commonplace among many of that era. The charge that not a single Allied bombing was diverted to attack Auschwitz, or the train tracks leading to it, stood as a black mark on FDR's otherwise extraordinary record. In the prologue of FDR and the Jews , Professors Richard Breitman and Allan Lichtman also highlight the critics' charge: "Conservative backers of modern-day Israel hold FDR out as an exemplar of indifference to Jewish peril and the horror of genocide." Breitman and Lichtman tack back to offer a rebuttal that encapsulates the argument of supporters of FDR, who argue that Roosevelt did "everything feasible to rescue European Jews and saved millions of potential victims by orchestrating the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II." In FDR and the Jews, the authors holistically examine Franklin Roosevelt through a contextual contemporary lens to explore Roosevelt's relations with the Jewish people as a whole, and over multiple points in time and to give a broader understanding to his actions during WWII. The authors reveal a Roosevelt that, as governor of New York, spoke out forcefully against discrimination against Jews immigrating to America, as well as in support of a Jewish home in Palestine. Moreover, FDR was the first presidential candidate to condemn prejudice against the Jews. FDR and the Jews offers nuance and shades of real academic perspective to a subject more often colored by passionate discourse. To the most dramatic accusations leveled at FDR, his refusal to offer asylum to Jewish refugees aboard the S.S. Saint Louis in 1939--an act that would later be perceived in historical memory as sending these Jewish refugees back to Nazi Germany, and his refusal to bomb the gas chambers and crematoria of Auschwitz, the authors argue "do not withstand close scrutiny...critics have given them emblematic moral weight." The authors examine these charges with a degree of academic veracity as they seek to restore the "historical significance" of the events within the context of the times. Breitman and Lichtman steer a course through Franklin Roosevelt's background, personal relationship with Jewish friends, colleagues and advisors as well as his views on the ancient tribe. The authors construct a model of four phases that encapsulate FDR's actions towards the issues affecting European Jewry and the "Jewish Question." During the first phase, which coincided with Roosevelt's first term in office, the president neglected to address the rising Nazi persecution of Jews; however, this neglect needs to be viewed in the context of a president dealing with of the Depression and trying to implement a domestic and foreign policy agenda whose fragility would have been possibly torn asunder by the focus on ethnic and religious problems in Europe. The second phase begins after Roosevelt's re-election in 1936, after which FDR takes on a more pro-active approach to the situation of the Jews of Europe. At this point, Roosevelt worked to ease immigration restrictions in the midst of an America turned restrictionist in its immigration policies. Moreover, Roosevelt lent support to efforts to resettle European Jewry in other parts of the world--in the form of the Évian Conference, the ultimately unsuccessful conference on the resettlement of European Jewry, and also aided other schemes to resettle Jews in Latin America that had moderate degrees of success. The authors explain the context of the American environment that Roosevelt was working in during these first two phases. The president was confronting a largely isolationist America that sought to insulate itself from the affairs of world, and a Congress that sought to tamp down immigration. The third phase the authors highlight, beginning after 1939, is that of Roosevelt navigating the coming of the Second World War, and the role of America in it. As Europe marched toward war in the midst of Nazi aggression, FDR subsumed his activism on the "Jewish Question" into the broader goal of slowly mobilizing American public opinion, foreign policy and military focus on combating Nazi Germany, and remained wary of being perceived as "pro-Jewish" or focusing on "Jewish concerns" that would hinder the broader foreign policy goals of mobilizing the country against the Nazi threat. As such, Roosevelt was careful not to fight something perceived as a "Jewish war" and play into Nazi propaganda or nativist fears in a fragile American society that remained still quite isolationist and xenophobic. In the fourth phase, circa 1943 onward, Roosevelt renewed his efforts to aid Jews trapped in Europe with the creation of the War Refugee Board, a governmental body that did some significant work to help save Jewry in Central and Eastern Europe. It was also during this period that Roosevelt took up the issue of Palestine and became a more forceful advocate for Palestine's role as a home for Jewry after the war, including Roosevelt's personal diplomacy with leaders in the Middle East. Moreover, the overriding focus of military and foreign policy conceptions were that the best way to help persecuted peoples in Europe was to win the war as fast as possible; the notion of humanitarian military intervention (i.e. bombing Auschwitz or the train lines to it) is something borne out of hindsight, and doesn't especially reflect the realities, or even military capabilities, for much of the war period. If there is a "bad guy" in the story, unfortunately, it comes across as the U.S. State Department. Characterized as patrician, quietly anti-Semitic and Arabist, the State Department and in particular Assistant Secretary of State Breckinridge Long garner most of the condemnation for efforts to limit immigration, leave immigrant quotas unfilled and restrict visas for Jews fleeing Europe. Moreover, the State Department resisted the War Refugee Board's efforts to save Jews, as well as opposing presidential denunciations of Nazi carnage against Jewry and sought to check the amount of information coming out of Europe of the Nazi atrocities against the Jews. The book also has its share of "good guys," as it highlights the role of Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr. -- whose Treasury Department challenged the State Department over mismanagement of refugee immigration. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles and Labor Secretary Frances Perkins are also lauded for their efforts to resist and fight State Department intransigence towards the issuance of visas for European Jewry and assistance towards Jewish refugees. Overall, FDR and the Jews is an excellent book for its complete examination of Roosevelt in the context of the period he loomed so large on the public stage. It neither deifies FDR, nor castigates his actions, but fills in an intricate picture of Roosevelt in the midst of a complex age, and in doing so, offers fascinating insight into this decisive period and president.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.huffingtonpost.com/paul-rockower/fdr-and-the-jews_b_4408626.html?utm_hp_ref=books&ir=Books

Reader Review: "the Goldfinch"

5950883612245689794.gif   The Goldfinch reader reviews The Goldfinch reader reviews: Read reviews of The Goldfinch by Donna Tartt, and write your own review. The Goldfinch There are currently 2 reader reviews for The Goldfinch of 5 by lyn disappointing Pretentious, empty characters, endlessly plods on with irrelevant detail. Badly written - why use 10 words when 200 will do. Theme - read the last 2 pages and skip the rest - life is awful, art's the rainbow in the sky. Rated of 5 by Jane H. THE GOLDFINCH I wish your reviews went higher than 5 ….. I would give this book a 10. Although 800 pages in length, I was bereft when I had to finish the last few pages knowing my time with this story was over. This book had everything I love, superb writing (I read sentences over and over again at times just to marvel at her ability to make words magical), great story that shifted in time and place with each shift making the story better ….. I even loved the feel of the paper the text was printed on. That said, I will caution that the Dickensian bent of this book will not put it on everyone's Hit Parade. But, for me, it was THE BOOK of 2013. I see a Pulitzer, Donna Tartt!   1
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.bookbrowse.com/reader_reviews/index.cfm/book_number/2952/the-goldfinch

More Than 700 Authors To Take Part In Indies First

5893564277599881906.gif   BookBrowse News - The Full Story Full news story on More Than 700 Authors to Take Part in Indies First. More Than 700 Authors to Take Part in Indies First Nov 15 2013 More than 700 authors have signed up to handsell their favorite titles at over 400 independent bookstores during Indies First on Small Business Saturday, November 30. Last week, the American Booksellers Association launched an interactive map of participating Indies First stores and their visiting authors on IndieBound.org. The map will be updated with more author and bookstore names until noon on November 27.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.bookbrowse.com/news/detail/index.cfm?news_item_number=1505

Inspirational Overview: November

5954449846369470948.jpgRT Book Reviews Find it! By Author / By Title Search over 40,000 reviews Try our Advanced Book Search Help Advanced Book Search Search books by title, genre, publication month, publication year, and rating or search by any combination of these options (i.e. all Mysteries published in January 2001 with 4.5 rating). If you want to search for a name or phase, include quotation marks around your search term (example: "Deborah Smith") Visitor Login Visitor login is required to post a review and comment on the blog and other interactive features on the site. Use your same username and password to register for the RT Forums. Inspirational Overview: November BY RT BOOK REVIEWS, NOVEMBER 22, 2013 | PERMALINK Everyone's going undercover in this month’s noteworthy Inspirational reads! From undercover cops to family secrets to the witness protection program, Novembers’s Inspirational recommendations feature characters who are not who they say they are … In Shelley Shepard Gray’ s Peace , Beth Byler has been keeping her attraction to Chris Ellis a secret, after all he’s a DEA agent working undercover in her Amish community. As an outsider, Beth can never have anything more than friendship with Chris. But her life takes a dangerous turn when Chris shows up badly hurt and in need of a place to hide. Going against her better judgement, Beth helps keep him safe and hidden from his enemies, making this holiday season trickier than she could ever have imagined. Meanwhile, Dr. Carrie Markham is preparing to marry Adam Davidson when she discovers he may not be who he says he is. After getting shot at, Adam spills the beans and tells Carrie he’s been on the run ever since he left the witness protection program. Neither know if their sudden enemy is after Carrie or Adam, and the pair must figure out how to survive and maintain their love for each other. See how their story unfolds in Richard L. Mabry ’s Heart Failure! Margaret Brownley delivers a thrilling and fun tale with Gunpowder Tea , in which Miranda Hunt goes undercover for the Pinkerton Detective Agency as a potential ranch heiress to apprehend the Phantom, an infamous train robber. But Miranda’s not the only one looking for the Phantom. Unbeknownst to her, Jeremy Taggert, an undercover Wells Fargo agent, is also on the hunt, too, and Jeremy soon becomes Miranda’s prime suspect. But an unexpected attraction has her wavering in her conclusions. Will they be able to work together to unmask the true Phantom? And in our final recommendation, it’s not always about who we’re deceiving. Sometimes it’s about who’s deceiving us and Tricia Goyer has this twist on our theme in her heartfelt story, A Christmas Gift for Rose. When Rose Yoder discovers her Amish family are not her biological relations, she wants answers. Who are her biological parents and siblings? As she dreams of getting married and starting a family of her own, she finds it hard to move forward without knowing her true past. Her intended husband does his best to give her the answers she craves, but will she be able to accept the truth? Time to snuggle up and enjoy the autumn weather with a great book, don’t you think? These exciting reads are all available now from your favorite store or online retailer. And for even more Inspirational suggestions, visit our Everything Inspirational Page! Tags: Inspirational
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.rtbookreviews.com/rt-daily-blog/inspirational-overview-november

Well-known Celebrity Healer Zeév Kolman Writes New Book

Well-Known Celebrity Healer Zeév Kolman Writes New Book Author writes new instructional, inspirational book concluding his expertise in bioenergetic healing. The International Institute of Human Sciences acknowledges Kolman as one of the greatest living healers on the planet today. New York, NY (PRWEB) December 02, 2013 Goldie Hawn, Barbara Streisand, Robin Williams, Princess Elizabeth of Sweden and Robert Kennedy Jr., what do these established, famous individuals have in common? They’ve experienced the healing powers of author Zeév Kolman. Kolman’s new book, "The Mind is the Healer, The Mind is the Killer" concludes his experience and journey into discovering the power of bioenergetic healing for more than 40 years. He has developed unique techniques as a world-renowned healer, psychic, intuitive and spiritual teacher. The International Institute of Human Sciences acknowledges Kolman as one of the greatest living healers on the planet today. Kolman’s new book touches on a variety of subjects, such as alternative medicines, psychic powers, karma, reincarnation, empowering self-esteem and confidence. He is uniquely different from others who study bioenergetic healing because of his use of dynamic Blue Diamond light and energy. "There's not another book like this since all the information written is my personal knowledge, experience and original techniques I developed over the years," Kolman said. For more information, visit http://www.zeevkolman.net. "The Mind is the Healer, The Mind is the Killer" By Zeév Kolman