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myuser654   , 31

from Calcutta


The Hijri Calendar or the Islamic Lunar Calendar

When Islam emerged inside the 7th century, there were several calendars in use all all over the world. The majority of them have been solar, some of them were lunar plus the lunisolar ones. All of them as opposed to 2010 calendar or 2011 calendar had been made and implemented in diverse civilizations in the planet. Drastically all of them had unique starting dates called as epochs. This inconsistency amongst numerous calendars at some point became a problem for young Muslims. They started to locate it tough to regularly record different dates particularly those on documents and correspondences inside the fast-rising Muslim planet.

Items associated to - تحويل التاريخ

As a way to resolve this situation and to establish an efficient dating system that clearly marked the Islamic holy months and their holidays, Umar ibn Al-Khattab who was the 2nd Muslim caliph ordered the establishment of an Islamic lunar calendar. This was in the year 638 AD. The number of months was twelve. Utilizing the lunar cycle for measuring time was decided by the various verses in holy Koran.


The starting point of that new Islamic calendar was the Muslim's famous migration towards the safety of Medina to avoid persecution in Mecca. The event itself occurred some 16 years earlier. So as a way to mark the occasion, the name with the Islamic calendar was decided as Hijri. The word was picked up from an Arabic word for migration referred to as as Hijrah. So the date with the Islamic calendar epoch goes back to the 16th of July 622 AD as per the Gregorian calendar. The new Islamic lunar month starts when the new crescent moon is viewed. The internationally accepted Gregorian and Islamic calendars both have related 12 months.