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spicystuff673   , 45

from Knoxville


The Law of Attraction



According to Pardee, R. L. 1990 Motivation is the cause of people's actions, wants, and needs. Motivation is also one's direction to behavior, or what causes a individual to want to repeat a behavior.

Motivation as a desire to perform an activity is usually defined as having two parts, directional for example guided towards a positive stimulation or away from a negative, in addition to the activated "seeking phase" and consummatory "translation stage". This type of motivation has neurobiological roots at the basal ganglia, and mesolimbic dopaminergic pathways.

Activated "seeking" behavior, such as locomotor activity, is influenced by dopaminergic medications, and microdialysis experiments reveal that dopamine is released throughout the anticipation of a reward. The "wanting behavior" related to a rewarding stimulus can be increased by microinjections of dopamine and dopaminergic drugs from the dorsorostral nucleus accumbens and posterior ventral palladum. Opioid injections within this area produce pleasure, however outside of those hedonic hotspots they create a heightened desire.

Additional depletion or inhibition of dopamine in neurons of the nucleus accumbens reduces appetitive but maybe not consummatory behaviour. Dopamine is further implicated in motivation as administration of amphetamine improved the break point in a progressive ratio self-reinforcement schedule. That is, subjects were willing to go to greater lengths (e.g. press a lever longer times) to obtain a reward.

To successfully manage and motivate employees, the pure system posits that being part of a team is essential. Because of structural changes in social order, the office is more fluid and adaptive according to Mayo. As a result, individual employees have lost their sense of stability and safety, which can be offered by a membership in a group. However, if teams continuously change inside tasks, then employees feel anxious, vacant, and irrational and become more difficult to use. The inherent desire for lasting individual management and association "is not related to single workers, but always to working groups." In groups, workers will probably self-manage and form applicable customs, duties, as well as traditions.

Motivation lies at the crux of many behaviorist approaches to psychological treatment. A person who has autism-spectrum disease is seen as lacking motivation to perform socially related behaviors -- social stimuli are not as strengthening for individuals with disabilities in comparison to other men and women. Depression is understood as a lack of reinforcement (particularly positive reinforcement) resulting in extinction of behavior in the depressed individual. A patient with particular phobia isn't encouraged to find the phobic stimulus since it functions as a punisher, also is over-motivated to prevent it (negative reinforcement). According to therapies have been made to address these problems, for example EIBI and CBT for significant depression and specific phobia.